Body Signs, Nutrition

The Body Signs Series #5 – Dark Circles 

We often think that dark circles are due to lack of sleep, but that is not the only cause. 

They could be due to genetically inherited thin, pale skin under the eyes which makes dark circles a lot more prominent.

Dark circles could also point towards hormone fluctuations (our skin becomes paler during menstruation and pregnancy), dehydration or immune conditions such as eczema and allergies (both food and seasonal).

In fact, dark circles are also known as allergic shiners because allergies can cause blood vessels to become congested and blood to pool under the eyes. Dairy intolerance, in particular, has been associated with dark circles under the eyes, along with other common allergens such as nuts, shellfish, soy, yeast, pollen, mold and dust mites.

And of course, dark circles could also be signs of the following #nutrient needs:

👉Iron deficiency can lead to pale skin and makes the area around the eyes look darker. It can also affect sleep quality, which in turn can exacerbate dark circles

✅Other signs of insufficient iron levels include fatigue, rapid heart rate, palpitations, cold intolerance, impaired immune function, spoon-shaped nails, cracks on the corners of the mouth, sore tongue and feeling out of breath with minimal physical exertion.

👉Vitamin B12, just like iron above, can lead to paleness and is also needed for red blood cell formation and, along with other B vitamins, energy production.

✅Other signs of B12 deficiency include tingling in hands & feet, memory challenges, mood changes, sore tongue, constipation, fatigue, muscle weakness, appetite loss and more.

👉Vitamin K is needed for healthy blood circulation and can strengthen veins & capillaries (and weak capillaries can result in blood pooling in the delicate area under the eyes).

✅Other signs of vitamin K deficiency include easy bruising, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual bleeding and more.

✳️ The above are only some of the functions & deficiency signs of these nutrients. Our physiology is quite complex and many nutrients interact in multiple ways, so we should not view them in isolation.

✳️✳️ As always, it is recommended to check your #nutrient levels and speak with your healthcare provider before coming to conclusions and starting any supplementation.

Your body is talking, are you listening?


  1. Liebmann-Smith, J., Nardi Egan, J. Body Signs. New York, NY: Bantam Dell; 2008.
  2. Higdon J. Iron. Linus Pauling Institute. Published 2001, updated 2016. Accessed May 8, 2022.
  3. Higdon J. Vitamin K. Linus Pauling Institute. Published 2000, updated 2014. Accessed May 8, 2022.
  4. Matozzo M. Vitamin Deficiencies That Could Make Dark Circles So Much Worse. SheFinds. Published 2022. Accessed May 8, 2022.
  5. Higdon J. Vitamin B12. Linus Pauling Institute. Published 2000, updated 2014. Accessed May 8, 2022.

Rise & Shine Green Smoothie

Rise & Shine Green Smoothie

  • Servings: 2
  • Difficulty: Easy
  • Rating: ★★★★★
  • Print

We all know the importance of a healthy breakfasts, but what if you're not an 'egg & veggie' type of a breakfast person. What if you're not a breakfast person at all? Enter the breakfast smoothie! It's a great option for those who just can't stomach solid foods in the morning or prefer to start their day with something on the sweeter side. And, best of all, allows us to pack in loads of nutrient-dense foods, such as veggies, seeds and healthy fats. I also love breakfast smoothies because they are quick and easy to make, you can even batch prep your ingredients and store them in individual serving bags - all you have to do is pop them in your blender in the mornings.

Tips: Feel free to experiment with different fruit & veg combinations. The key thing is to make sure your smoothie includes: protein (e.g. nuts, seeds, beans, collagen or protein powder), fats (nuts or seeds butters, coconut or MCT oil, etc.), veggies (frozen cauliflower and baby spinach are great for beginners), and a liquid for hydration (e.g. nut milk, water or herbal tea). Add a small amount of fruit for sweetness and some herbs or spices for extra flavour!


  • 2 stalks celery
  • ½ cup broccoli florets
  • 2 small cucumbers
  • 1 cup baby spinach
  • 1 cup (or more) water
  • 1 banana, frozen
  • 2-3 sprigs parsley
  • 2-3 sprigs cilantro (coriander)
  • 1 tbsp collagen powder
  • 1 tbsp coconut oil
  • 1 tbsp tahini
  • Pinch of cinnamon
  • 1 tbsp maple syrup (optional)


  1. Chop celery, broccoli and cucumber.
  2. Place spinach, broccoli and water in blender, blend on high for 10-15 seconds.
  3. Add cucumber and celery (and more water if needed), blend on high for 10-15 seconds.
  4. Add banana, fresh herbs, collagen powder, coconut oil, tahini, cinnamon and maple syrup if using, blend on high for 10 seconds.
  5. Pour in your favourite glass and enjoy the green goodness!


Per Serving: 237 calories; 11.4g fat; 25.4g carbohydrates; 7.3g protein; 6g Fibre; 205% DV for vitamin K; 162% DV for vitamin A; 51% DV for manganese; 41% DV for vitamin C; 39% DV for potassium.

Nutrients, Nutrition


If you know me well, you probably know that I ❤️ magnesium! I love to use it for anything – from muscle soreness to headaches and anxiety… it is my miracle mineral 😁

I mean magnesium has over 300 functions in the human body, isn’t that Impressive?! Some of these include:

  • Cofactor for hundreds of enzymes 
  • Energy production
  • DNA and protein synthesis
  • Cell membrane structures
  • Bone health & structure
  • Glutathione (antioxidant) synthesis
  • Blood glucose and pressure regulation
  • Cell signalling
  • Wound healing
  • Muscle & nerve function

And yet many populations around the world do not meet the recommended daily intake according to research statistics. Luckily, magnesium is found in many whole foods, especially in:

  1. Brazil nuts
  2. Oat bran
  3. Brown rice
  4. Cashews
  5. Mackerel
  6. Spinach
  7. Almonds
  8. Swiss chard
  9. Beans

Deficiency in this mineral can produce wide-ranging signs & symptoms such as:

  • Muscle cramps
  • Fatigue & weakness
  • High blood pressure
  • Palpitations/irregular heart beat
  • Tremors, numbness & tingling
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea & vomiting
  • Personality/behavioural changes

Zinc supplementation and high fibre intake may impair magnesium absorption, whereas the active form of vitamin D can increase it. When magnesium is low it can also lead to low calcium levels.

Always aim to get your nutrients from whole foods first!


  1. Lord R, Bralley J. Laboratory Evaluations For Integrative And Functional Medicine. Duluth, Ga: Genova Diagnostics; 2012.
  2. Higdon J. Magnesium. Linus Pauling Institute. Published 2001; Updated 2019. Accessed February 24, 2022.
  3. DiNicolantonio JJ, O’Keefe JH, Wilson W. Subclinical magnesium deficiency: a principal driver of cardiovascular disease and a public health crisis [published correction appears in Open Heart. 2018 Apr 5;5(1):e000668corr1]. Open Heart. 2018;5(1):e000668. Published 2018 Jan 13. doi:10.1136/openhrt-2017-000668